Загальна музична освіта в країнах Балканського регіону

  • Володимир Федорович Черкасов доктор педагогічних наук, професор кафедри музичного мистецтва Комунального закладу вищої освіти «Ужгородський інститут культури і мистецтв» Закарпатської обласної ради, м. Ужгород, Україна; сherkasov_2807@ukr.net https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9112-3468

Анотація

УДК 378.147.091.33:78 (493)

ДОІ https://doi.org/10.32405/2308-8885-2022-1-2(103-104)-9-13

У статті представлено й обґрунтовано основні досягнення в галузі загальної музичної освіти в країнах Балканського регіону, зокрема Албанії і Греції, що дозволило визначити основні тенденції розвитку загальної музичної освіти в цих країнах.

Виокремлено й проаналізовано головні чинники впливу на формування музичної культури дітей і молоді (фольклорний репертуар, використання народних музичних інструментів, колективне музикування), які стимулюють розвиток музично-творчих здібностей та сприяють морально-естетичному вихованню.

Ключові слова: країни Балканського регіону, Албанія, Греція, загальна музична освіта, уроки музики, факультативні заняття, фольклорний репертуар, народні музичні інструменти.

 

Volodymyr Fedorovych Cherkasov, Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Musical Arts of the Municipal Institution of Higher Education «Uzhhorod Institute of Culture and Arts» of the Zakarpattia Regional Council, Uzhhorod, Ukraine; сherkasov_2807@ukr.net; https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9112-3468

General music education in the countries of the Balkan region

An analysis of the system of general music education in some countries of the Balkan Peninsula, in particular Albania and Greece, allows us to speak of certain trends. Thus, music education covers all levels of education, which helps to increase its role and importance. Music education involves different types of musical activities of students in music lessons, which stimulates students' ability to musical and creative self-development - it is noticeable that the art of music is used as a universal means of stimulating the creative potential of modern schoolchildren in the Balkans. Getting acquainted with the heritage of musical culture of the past and present of their country is an integral part of music education.

The article presents and substantiates the main achievements in the field of general music education in the Balkan region, namely: Albania and Greece. In accordance with the curricula of preschool, basic and general education, the main musical and pedagogical technologies have been identified, which are introduced both in lessons and in optional classes on musical and aesthetic education of children and youth.

It is motivated what folklore repertoire and folk musical instruments are used in the educational process, how collective music influences the formation of musical culture of the individual, stimulates the development of musical and creative abilities and promotes moral and aesthetic education of children and youth.

Music and aesthetic education of children and youth in Albanian schools is given some attention. A music lesson is included in the curriculum, and children who show interest and interest in a particular musical instrument or in solo or choral singing can develop their creative abilities in extracurricular activities. Music teachers try to develop children's musical hearing, musical memory and sense of metrorhythm.

The system of general music education in Greece has a long tradition. Beginning with the ancient Greek philosophers, the development of musical culture took place in accordance with the political and socio-economic development of the state, resulting in Greece formed an educational system in which musical education of children and youth is given much attention. In music lessons and extracurricular activities, students take an active part in various forms of music making, which allows the assimilation of European and national values, the formation of ethical and aesthetic qualities.

Keywords: general music education, music lessons, optional classes, folklore material, folk instruments of Albania and Greece.

 

СПИСОК ДЖЕРЕЛ:

  1. Постригач Н. О. Професійний розвиток учителів Грецької Республіки: сучасний стан та проблеми. Теорія і практика управління соціальними системами. К. : 202 № 4, С. 46–53.
  2. Arts and Cultural Education at School in Europe. URL: https://op.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/0e41e888-7d1b-4073-adea-502974017735/language-en
  3. EURYDICE. National Education Systems. Albania. URL: https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/albania_en
  4. EURYDICE. National Education Systems. Czech Republic. URL: https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/greece_en
  5. Music Еducation in Greece. URL: https://eas-music.org/countries/
  6. Vako, Milto. The Origin and Development of Albanian Choral Music.» New Sound: International Magazine for Music, 28, 2006. Р. 75-78. URL: https://www.newsound.org.rs/pdf/en/ns28/7.%20Milto%20Vako.pdf Music Tducation in Greece. https://eas-music.org/countries/

 

References:

  1. Postryhach, O. (2022). Profesiynyy rozvytok uchyteliv Hretsʹkoyi Respubliky: suchasnyy stan ta problemy. Teoriya i praktyka upravlinnya sotsialʹnymy systemamy. [Professional development of teachers of the Hellenic Republic: current status and problems. Theory and practice of social systems management.]. Kyiv.
  2. Arts and Cultural Education at School in Europe. URL: file:///C:/Users/%D0%94%D0%BE%D0%BC%D0%B0%D1%88%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B9/Downloads/2009_Arts_and_Cultural_Ed_at_School_in_Europe.pdf
  3. EURYDICE. National Education Systems. Albania. URL: https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/albania_en
  4. EURYDICE. National Education Systems. Czech Republic. URL: https://eacea.ec.europa.eu/national-policies/eurydice/content/greece_en
  5. Music Еducation in Greece. URL: https://eas-music.org/countries/
  6. Vako, Milto (2006). The Origin and Development of Albanian Choral Music.» New Sound: International Magazine for Music, 28 (рр 75-78). URL: https://www.newsound.org.rs/pdf/en/ns28/7.%20Milto%20Vako.pdf Music Tducation in Greece. https://eas-music.org/countries/

 

Стаття надійшла до редакції 11.03.2022 р.

Опубліковано
2022-07-07
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