Навчаємо мистецтва у дистанційному форматі

  • Людмила Степанівна Боднарюк заслужений учитель України, учитель музичного мистецтва та мистецтва, Виноградівська загальноосвітня школа І–ІІІ ступенів № 8, м. Виноградів, Закарпатська область, Україна, miendzhull21@gmail.com https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5731-3970

Анотація

УДК 7.071.5 : 37.018.43 : 373

https://doi.org/10.32405/2308-8885-2021-2(100)-24-31

Актуалізується проблема дистанційного навчання музичного мистецтва і мистецтва учнів у закладах загальної середньої освіти. Організацію дистанційного навчання подано у вигляді правил, що послідовно розкривають етапи його реалізації у школі під час карантину та дозволяють забезпечувати ефективне опанування учнями музичного мистецтва і мистецтва. Висвітлено інтернет-платформи, форми взаємодії учасників освітнього процесу та наведено розроблені авторкою варіанти і приклади завдань, види оцінювання, апробовані нею під час дистанційного навчання у 2020–2021 роках.

Ключові слова: музичне мистецтво, мистецтво, дистанційне навчання, онлайн-платформи, відеоуроки, взаємодія вчителя, учнів і батьків.

Liudmyla Stepanovna Bodnariuk, Honoured Teacher of Ukraine, Teacher of Music and Art, Vynohradiv Secondary School of I-III Grades № 8, Vynohradiv, Zakarpattia Region, Ukraine,

miendzhull21@gmail.com;

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5731-3970

Teach art in a distance learning

The article deals with the problem of distance learning of music and art of students in institutions of general secondary education. The author notes the underdevelopment of this issue at the theoretical level and the lack of generalization of teachers-practitioners’ experience for the period 2020-2021, which has led to reveal her own pedagogical experience how to organize music and art lessons in institutions of general secondary education in a distance learning. The material of the article is structured in the form of rules that give a clear understanding of organization of distance learning institutions of general secondary education and consistently reveal the stages of its implementation in school during quarantine. The stages are the following: a single school platform for distance learning, a convenient way to communicate with students during distance learning, development of accessible and understandable format of students’ perception of information, organization of “live communication” between student and teacher, system “Questions-Answers”, use of online games and exercises, students’ work in online groups, interesting homework and students’ choice , providing diagnostig assessment of students, different types of assessment and wishes.

The Internet platforms tested by the author are PADLET, GOOGLE CLASSROOM. The peculiarities of working with them are revealed; options for interaction between participants in the educational process – in particular, video art lessons, video messaging and voice messaging on Instagram, etc. The forms and variants of homework are offered and their examples are given; services for creating multimedia didactic exercises (LearningApps, Wordwall), which helps to test and consolidate students’ knowledge in the form of games. The forms of student assessment are described as the following: self-assessment and its forms, formative assessment, feedback, current and final assessment. The errors of distance learning of art and ways of their correction, realized in the period 2020-2021 are indicated.

Key words: music, art, distance learning, online platforms, video lessons, interaction between teacher, students and parents.

 

СПИСОК ДЖЕРЕЛ:

  1. Бабко Т. М, Банах О. В., Вознюк А. В., Коломоєць Г. А., Кудрик Л. Г., Мельник О. М. Нова українська школа: організація взаємодії з батьками учнів початкової школи : навч.-метод. посіб. Київ : Видавничий дім «Освіта». 209 с. С. 25–26.
  2. Большакова І. Огляд практик дистанційного навчання [Електронний ресурс]. Режим доступу: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aDZH4Ue-gCM
  3. Гаврілова Л. Г. Специфіка розроблення дистанційних курсів з музично-історичних дисциплін. Інформаційні технології і засоби навчання. Т. 58. Вип. 2. С. 28–37.
  4. Дистанційне навчання: виклики, результати та перспективи. Порадник. З досвіду роботи освітян міста Києва: навч.-метод. посіб. / упоряд.: Воротникова І. П., Чайковська Н. В. Київ : Київ. ун-т ім. Б. Грінченка, 2020. 456 с.
  5. Мельникова Д. Що найкраще працює в дистанційному навчанні? [Електронний ресурс]. Режим доступу: https://osvitoria.media/opinions/shho-najkrashhe-pratsyuye-v-dystantsijnomu-navchanni/
  6. Онлайн-EdCamp 2020 – 5 лайфхаків оцінювання під час дистанційного навчання [Електронний ресурс]. Режим доступу: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rsOGgCPncGA
  7. Теория и практика дистанционного обучения : учеб. пособие / под ред. Е. С. Полат. Москва : Изд. Центр «Академия». 2004. 416 с.
  8. Albert D. J. Online versus traditional master of music in music education degree programs. Journal of Music Teacher Education, 2014. 25(1), 52–64. doi:10.1177/1057083714548588
  9. Barry N. H. Integrating web based learning and instruction into a graduate music education research course: An exploratory study. Journal of Technology in Music Learning, 2003. 2(1), 2–8.
  10. Cohen A. M., & Kisker, C. B. The shaping of American higher education: Emergence and growth of the contemporary system (2nd ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. 2010. Режим доступу: https://www.amazon.com/Shaping-American-Higher-Education-Contemporary/dp/0470480068
  11. Greher, G. R. (2007). If you build it . . . : A distance-learning approach for music teacher licensure test preparation. Journal of Music Teacher Education, 16(2), 61–74. Режим доступу: https://doi.org/10.1177/10570837070160020107
  12. Groulx, T. J., & Hernly, P. (2010). Online master’s degrees in music education: The growing pains of a tool to reach a larger community. Update: Applications of Research in Music Education, 28(2), 60–70. URL: https://doi.org/10.1177/8755123310361765
  13. Hebert D. Five challenges and solutions in online music teacher education. Research and Issues in Music Education, 2007. 5 (1). URL: http://ir.stthomas.edu/rime/vol5/iss1/2
  14. James W. Sherbon, David L.Kish. Distance Learning and the Music Teacher. Music Educators Journal, 2005. URL: https://doi.org/10.2307/3400195
  15. Kleiman Glenn M. We can make online learning a positive force in education. URL: //https://edsource.org/2020/we-can-make-online-learning-a-positive-force-in-education/631852?fbclid=IwAR00QsK2BMGVQaWju2UJyhbCkpVtx3zMaNiqk0RA-8h_V8_GH_-xiKQhX1s ).
  16. Ward-Jackson, J., & Yu, C. Impact of Online Learning in K–12: Effectiveness, Challenges, and Limitations for Online Instruction.
    Handbook of Research on Blended Learning Pedagogies and Professional Development in Higher Education, IGI Global, 2019. URL:  https://doi.org/4018/978-1-5225-5557-5.ch020
  17. What did distance learning accomplish? URL: https://www.apa.org/monitor/2020/09/distance-learning-accomplish?fbclid=IwAR3qHrZ4aJxzr28vi1f1HTjL-Rmlw7HDEGjR03zFXT00mWu3ZdJmb7OFaj0].
  18. Sherbon James W. James W., . Kish David L. Distance Learning and the Music   Teacher/ First Published November 1, 2005 Research Article. URL: https://doi.org/10.2307/3400195
  19. Theano K. Online Distance Learning and Music Training: Benefits, drawbacks and challenges». 2013. URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02680513.2015.1011112

References:

  1. Babko, T. M, Banakh O. V., Vozniuk, A. V., Kolomoiets, H. A., Kudryk, L. H., & Melnyk, O.M. (2020). Nova ukrainska shkola: orhanizatsiia vzaiemodii z batkamy uchniv pochatkovoi shkoly [New Ukrainian school: organization of interaction with parents of primary school students]. Kyiv: Vydavnychyi dim «Osvita».
  2. Bolshakova, I. (n.d.). Ohliad praktyk dystantsiinoho navchana [Review of distance learning practices]. Retrieved from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aDZH4Ue-gCM.
  3. Havrilova, L.H. (2017). Spetsyfika rozroblennia dystantsiinykh kursiv z muzychno-istorychnykh dystsyplin [The specifics of the development of distance learning courses in music history]. Informatsiini tekhnolohii i zasoby navchannia. Vol.58, Issue 2. (pp.28-37).
  4. Vorotnikova, I.P., & Chaikovska, N.V. (2020). Dystantsiine navchannia: vyklyky, rezultaty ta perspektyvy. Z dosvidu roboty osvitian mista [Distance learning: Challenges, results and prospects. From the experience of educators of Kyiv city]. Kyieva: Kyiv: Kyiv. un-t im. B. Hrinchenka.
  5. Melnykova, D. (n. d.) Shcho naikrashche pratsiuie v dystantsiinomu navchanni? [What does it work the best in distance learning]. Retrieved from: https://osvitoria.media/opinions/shho-najkrashhe-pratsyuye-v-dystantsijnomu-navchanni/
  6. Onlain-EdCamp 2020 – 5 laifkhakiv otsiniuvannia pid chas dystantsiinoho navchannia [Online-EdCamp 2020 – 5 life hacks for assessments during distance learning]. Retrieved from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rsOGgCPncGA
  7. Polat E.S. (Ed.). (2004). Teoriia i praktika distantsionnogo obucheniia [Theory and practice of distance learning]. Tsentr “Akademiia”.
  8. Albert, D. J. (2014). Online versus traditional master of music in music education degree programs. Journal of Music Teacher Education, 25(1), 52-64. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1057083714548588
  9. Barry, N. H. (2003). Integrating web based learning and instruction into a graduate music education research course: An exploratory study. Journal of Technology in Music Learning, 2(1), 2-8.
  10. Cohen A.M., & Kisker, C.B. (2010). The shaping of American higher education: Emergence and growth of the contemporary system. (2nd ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. Retrieved from: https://www.amazon.com/Shaping-American-Higher-Education-Contemporary/dp/0470480068
  11. Greher, G. R. (2007). If you build it …: A distance-learning approach for music teacher licensure test preparation. Journal of Music Teacher Education, 16(2), 61-74. https://doi.org/10.1177/10570837070160020107
  12. Groulx, T. J., & Hernly, P. (2010). Online master’s degrees in music education: The growing pains of a tool to reach a larger community. Update: Applications of Research in Music Education, 28(2), 60-70. https://doi.org/10.1177/8755123310361765
  13. Hebert, D. (2007). Five challenges and solutions in online music teacher education. Research and Issues in Music Education, 5(1). Retrieved from: http://ir.stthomas.edu/rime/vol5/iss1/2
  14. Sherbon, J.W., Kish L. (2005). Distance Learning and the Music Teacher. Music Educators Journal. https://doi.org/10.2307/3400195
  15. Kleiman M. (2020). We can make online learning a positive force in education. Retrieved from: https://edsource.org/2020/we-can-make-online-learning-a-positive-force-in-education/631852?fbclid=IwAR00QsK2BMGVQaWju2UJyhbCkpVtx3zMaNiqk0RA-8h_V8_GH_-xiKQhX1s
  16. Ward-Jackson, J., & Yu Chen (2019). Impact of Online Learning in K–12: Effectiveness, Challenges, and Limitations for Online Instruction.
    Handbook of Research on Blended Learning Pedagogies and Professional Development in Higher Education, IGI Global, https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-5225-5557-5.ch020
  17. Weir, (2020). What did distance learning accomplish? Retrieved from: https://www.apa.org/monitor/2020/09/distance-learning-accomplish?fbclid=IwAR3qHrZ4aJxzr28vi1f1HTjL-Rmlw7HDEGjR03zFXT00mWu3ZdJmb7OFaj0.
  18. Sherbon, J.W., & Kish L.  (2005). Distance Learning and the Music Teacher. Music Educators Journal. (1st ed.). https://doi.org/10.2307/3400195
  19. Theano, K. (2013). Online Distance Learning and Music Training: Benefits, drawbacks and challenges. Retrieved from: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02680513.2015.1011112

 

Стаття надійшла до редакції 28.03.2021 р.

Опубліковано
2021-05-23